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    UKP: BR Diesel: 55

    Diesel Loco

    Class 55 Deltic

    The British Rail Class 55, also known as a Deltic, or English Electric type 5, is a class of diesel locomotive built in 1961 and 1962 by English Electric for British Railways. They were designed for the high-speed express passenger services on the East Coast Main Line (ECML) between Edinburgh and London King's Cross.

    They gained the name "Deltic" from the prototype locomotive, DP1 Deltic (the running number DP1 was never carried), which in turn was named after its Napier Deltic power units. At the time of their introduction into service, the Class 55s were the most powerful single-unit diesel locomotives in the world, with a power output of 3,300 hp (2,500 kW).They had an official maximum speed of 100 miles per hour (160 km/h), however this was frequently exceeded, especially in their later years of service, with speeds of up to 117 miles per hour (188 km/h), being recorded on level gradients, and up to 125 miles per hour (201 km/h) whilst descending Stoke Bank.

    Twenty-two locomotives were built, which were used for express passenger services on the ECML, particularly from London to Leeds and Edinburgh. From 1978 the "InterCity 125" High Speed Trains (HSTs) were introduced, and the Deltics were subsequently relegated to semi-fast services on the Kings Cross to York, Edinburgh and Hull routes and continued on sleeper services along the ECML. All were withdrawn from service between January 1980 and December 1981. All remaining examples now preserved.

    Gauge 1435mm
    Builder English Electric
    Max Speed 100mph
    Introduced 1961-62
    Length 21180mm
    Width 2680mm
    Height 3910mm
    Weight 101t
    Engine Napier Deltic D18-25 x2
    Transmission Diesel Electric
    Power 1230kW x2
    TE 222kN
    Driving Wheel Dia 1143mm
    Wheelbase 17830mm
    Wheel Arrangement Co-Co
    Withdrawn 1981

    Photo: John J Cordrey

    Number Altnumber Name Status Note Livery Depot Pool Base Owner
    55013 D9009   89509   55009   The Black Watch   ALYCIDON P Temporarily running as 55013 The Black Watch BRB BH DBLX Nene Valley Railway DPS UK70/55
    55019 D9019   89519   Royal Highland Fusilier P BRB BH DBLX Barrow Hill DPS UK70/55
    D9000 55022   89500   ROYAL SCOTS GREY P GRN CL LSLO Barrow Hill LSL UK70/55
    D9002 55002   89520   THE KING'S OWN YORKSHIRE LIGHT INFANTRY D GRN YM DBLX National Railway Museum NRM UK70/55
    D9015 55015   89515   Tulyar O GRN BH DBLX Barrow Hill DPS UK70/55
    D9016 55016   89516   GORDON HIGHLANDER P GRN CL LSLS Locomotive Storage, Margate LSL UK70/55